Dairy production, which has been increasing steadily over the past 30 years, reaches 770 million tonnes in 2013. According to the OECD, the European Union ranks first among producers, followed by India (18%), The United States of America (12%), and China (5%). Cow’s milk dominates this production with 83% of the total.
This growth is explained by the numerical increase of the dairy herd, but also by the productivity improvement, permitted by a better genetic selection.
After pork and poultry meat, beef is the third most consumed meat in the world: 68 million T per year, according to the FAO.
This meat remains expensive due to the costs related to livestock management. However, demand and production are growing steadily in the developing economies. In 2013, the world bovine population reached nearly one and a half billion, 87.7 million in Europe and 19.1 in France. The main beef producers are the United States, followed by Brazil and China.
Aside from the cow common pathologies (mastitis, ketosis), breeders encounter very specific issues.
Feed efficiency is one the main challenge in bovine livestock: it reflects mainly in better performances, lower discharge in the atmosphere and a positive impact on environment. Indeed, livestock, in particular cattle, is responsible for 14.5% of greenhouse gas emissions according to the FAO. On the other hand, France is the first ammonia emitter in the European Union with 649 kT emitted into the atmosphere in 2010.
Nor-Feed’s solutions aim to improve the ruminants feed efficiency and other specific objectives: